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Private house, Kaunas, Lithuania

“X-ARCH” architects explain their approach to integrating a modern house into the historic interwar ‘garden city’ district of Žaliakalnis in Kaunas, Lithuania, defined by its idiosyncratic villas – many involving metal roofs and cladding. 

Žaliakalnis was shaped during the 1919-1940 period, and any development within this sensitive heritage location is strictly regulated. One of the aims of our project was to find a subtle, contemporary architectural expression and materiality, enabling the house to blend into its architectural context in as respectful and sensitive a manner as possible.

Our intention was to retain, but also develop the visual character of Žaliakalnis, preserving and strengthening its unique aesthetic. At the same time, our contemporary architectural solutions seek to enrich the area, not by directly copying but, instead, reinterpreting it from a modern position. During the creative process, design choices were improvised, taking into account the heritage values of neighbouring buildings.

CLEAN, MODERN LINES

To meet both technical and architectural expression requirements, we determined that the main facade, pitched roof and other elements should be covered with copper. The green pre-patinated copper surface complements grey coloured boarding, window frames and other elements, providing a restrained palette of cool, contemporary colours.

The use of expressed longitudinal joints between copper sheets is found both on contemporary buildings and also the nearby traditional interwar houses, emphasizing the connection between past and the present. This approach also avoided overt details, such as gutters and downpipes, that would spoil the clean, modern lines of the building.

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Building

Owner: 
Privat
Country: 
Lithuania

Categories

Applications: 
Facades
Facades/Part seams
Roofs
Type of building: 
Residential
Copper used: 
Pre-patinated
Estate: 
New

Architect

Name, office: 
Rūstenis Milaševičius, “X-ARCH”
Address & description: 
Trakų g. 19-3, LT 44236, Kaunas, LITHUANIA

Copper contractors

Title: 
EXTERUS
Address & description: 
S. Žukausko g. 20, Vilnius 08234, Lithuania

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Nick Hay

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